Experiment related information

1.Experimental assessment requirements

This pilot project is divided into a practice mode and an assessment mode. The practice mode includes three parts: site construction, stormwater simulation, and performance evaluation, and the assessment mode is a no-answer prompt mode.

The exercise tests of the assessment mode are composed of three categories and 25 knowledge points of landscape architecture, low impact development engineering design, and landscape performance evaluation, which are related to the experimental principles.The tests are as follows:

(1) Landscape Architecture Experiments.

(1) Single-choice question - Theoretical Application of Landscape Architecture Planning and Design

Which of the following types of scales is not an absolute spatial dimension (B)

A. individual steps B. high mountains C. tree canopies D. standard seats

(2) Single-choice question - Theoretical Application of Landscape Architecture Planning and Design

Which of the following is not included in the environmental ecological elements from the landscape garden triad theory (C)

A. soil B. sunlight C. buildings D. biological chains

(3) Single-choice question - Theoretical Application of Landscape Architecture Planning and Design

What is the minimum width of a single park entrance and exit (A)

A.1.5m B.1m C.2m D.1.2m

4) Single-choice question - theoretical application of landscape garden planning and design

The depth of water within 2 meters of the park's hard bottom artificial water body near the shore without guardrails shall not be greater than what (D)

A.1m B.0.5m C.0.3m D.0.7m

5) Single Choice - Campus Open Space Design

What of the following factors should be considered in the design of campus open spaces (D)

A. Student and teacher use needs

B. Factors such as the height and orientation of buildings on campus

C. Analysis of crowding points

D. All of the above

6) Single Choice - Campus Open Space Design

Which of the following statements is true when working on campus open space design (A)

A. Plant configuration should try to choose beautiful, non-toxic native tree species

B. Campus open space design does not need to consider the intermingling and penetration of different functional areas.

C. Line of sight analysis is not a key design consideration

D. Trees can be planted around the dormitory buildings without leaving a fire escape.

7) Single Choice - Campus Open Space Design

What landscape elements are often used in campus open space design (A)

A. all of the following B. flower beds C. fountains D. feature walls

8)Single Choice - Campus Open Space Design

Which of the following functions does Campus Open Space need to meet (D)

A.Assembly

B.disaster prevention and shelter

C. Sports and fitness

D. All of the above are possible

9) Single-choice questions - spatial layout, functional organization, vertical design

Gently sloping land slopes at (A)

A. 3-10%.

B. 10-25%.

C. 25-50%.

D, 50-100%.

10) Single-choice questions - spatial layout, functional organization, vertical design

The maximum slope of the parking lot in the vertical design should be less than how much (C)

A. 1.5%

B. 2%

C, 2.5%

D. 5 per cent

11) Single-choice questions - spatial layout, functional organization, vertical design

Steps (A) are required for walkways with a vertical slope greater than the number of steps

A.8% B.10% C.12% D.7%

12) Single-choice question - spatial layout, functional organization, vertical design

The longitudinal slope of a garden walkway should be no greater than how much (C)

A, 5%

B, 10%

C, 12 per cent

D. 15%

13) Single Choice - Design of Landscape Architecture Structures

What is not a landscape structure of the following (C)

A. trellis B. pavilion C. retail temporary structure D. feature wall

14) Single Choice - Design of Landscape Architecture Structures

The principle that the depth of the pool needs to be determined at least as deep as the root ball (A).

A.250mm B.200mm C.150mm D.100mm

15) Single Choice - Design of Landscape Architecture Structures

In general, the scale of the square is many times the scale of the garden building or garden sculpture to meet the artistic image of the garden building or garden sculpture along with the surrounding scenery can be viewed intact (B)

A.1~2

B.2-3

C.3-4

D.4-5

16) Single Choice - Design of Landscape Architecture Structures

pavilion as a waterfront building, set up with the water and the pool should be well integrated with the shore, should be mastered what the design points do not include (D)

A. should be prominent on the surface of the pool, resulting in the form of three or four facing the water

B. As close to the water as possible, lower rather than higher.

C. Modelling should emphasize horizontal lines

D. Modelling should emphasize vertical lines

17) Single choice - modern steel and wood structural gallery design

The following are not common structural materials used in landscape corridor design (C)

A. Corrosion-resistant timber B. I-beams C. Reinforcing steel D. Square steel pipes

18) Single choice - traditional timber frame gallery design

The portion of the wood-frame old building above the foundation to the base of the columns is called (C)

A. Foundations B. Buckets C. Foundations D. Column bases

19) Single-choice question - traditional timber frame gallery design

The following are not functions of the pillar capstone (D)

A. Large wooden pillars standing firmly on top of each other

B. Preventing moisture from coming into direct contact with the ground on wooden posts

C. Decorative role

D. Increase in base height

20) Single Choice - Traditional Timber Gallery Design

The part of the building base that is above ground level is called (A)

A. Pedestals

B. Dome

C. Basics

D. Stepping stones

21) Single choice - traditional timber frame gallery design

The load-bearing part of the corridor in the classical building style is (B)

A. Structural loadings in rows B. Structural loadings in frames

C. Space structure loadings D. Wall structure loadings

22) Single-choice question - traditional timber frame gallery design

The roof structure of the corridor is distributed from top to bottom as (A)

A. Rafter, ridge purlin, upper purlin, lower purlin, eaves purlin

B. Ridge purlin, upper purlin, lower purlin, eaves purlin, and loft rafters

C. Upper purlins, lower purlins, ridge purlins, eaves purlins, and rafters.

D. Ridge purlin, eaves purlin, robe rafter, upper purlin, lower purlin

23) Single-choice question - traditional timber frame gallery design

When the design span of the main beam of the timber frame corridor reaches 5 meters, the height of the main beam can be (B)

A. 1m B. 0.6m C 0.25m D. 0.1m

 

(2) Low Impact Development Engineering Design Experiment.

1) Multiple Choice - Awareness of Pavement Layer Materials

The following materials are impervious to water (AB).

A. granite B. sintered brick C. cement permeable brick D. ceramic permeable brick

(2) Single-choice question - Awareness of materials for garden pavement layers

Granite thickness (D) mm to meet pedestrian load requirements.

A. 10 B. 15 C. 20 D. 30

3) Multiple Choice - Parkway Construction Material Awareness

The following materials can be used for permeable pavement construction methods (BD).

A. C20 concrete B. Graded gravel C. 3:7 ash D. Graded sand and gravel

(4) Single-choice question - garden path construction material awareness

The runoff coefficient for sand-based permeable brick is (A).

A.0.45 B. 0.15 C. 0.9 D. 0.75

5) Multiple Choice - Rain Garden Design Methods

The following materials may be used in the construction of cisterns (ABC)

A. reinforced concrete B. HDPE modules C. fiberglass D. brick

6) Single-choice question - rain garden design methods

The following stormwater facilities are required to be gravel-covered at the Method (B).

A. sunken green spaces B. bioretention ponds C. infiltration ponds D. modular impoundments

7) Single-choice question - Calculation of runoff birth flow

According to rainwater control and utilization engineering design specification DB11/685-2013, the 24-hour rainfall in Beijing for a 3-year event is (C).

A. 45mm B. 81mm C. 108mm D. 141mm

8) Single Choice - Runoff Yield Flow Calculation

According to the Urban Drainage Design Code, the drainage reproducibility standard for urban green areas in Beijing is (A)

A. 1 to 3 years B. 3 to 5 years C. 5 to 10 years D. 50 to 100 years

9) Single-choice question - Calculation of runoff birth flow

According to the "sponge city construction technical guidelines - low impact development of rainwater system construction" (trial), Beijing sponge city construction of the total annual runoff control rate standard (C)

A. 55%-65% B. 65%-75% C. 75%-85% D. 85%-95%

10) Multiple Choice - Site Engineering

The following facilities have infiltration capabilities (AB)

A. sunken green space B. bioretention pond C. retention pond D. dry pond

11) Single Choice - Site Engineering

The following facilities cost the least per square metre (A)

A. sunken green space B. bioretention pond C. retention pond D. dry pond

12) Single Choice - Water and Drainage Engineering

The minimum drainage slope for hard pavement is (A)

A. 0.5% B. 1% C. 2% D. 5%

 

(3) Landscape Performance Evaluation Experiment.

1) Multiple Choice - Principles of Evidence-Based Design Research Methods

The following statements about evidence-based design are correct: (D)

A. Evidence-based design is a rigorously standardized design approach

B. Evidence-based design tends to lose artistic creativity in design

C. Evidence-based design requires a universal design standard

D. fumigation design focuses on the scientific basis for design decisions

(2) Single-choice question - Principles of Evidence-Based Design Research Methods

Within which area of the design profession was evidence-based design theory first applied: (B)

Urban and Rural Planning B. Architectural Design C. Urban Design D. Landscape Architecture

3) Multiple Choice - Principles of Landscape Performance Evaluation Calculation

The following are part of the landscape performance evaluation system for the landscape industry: (ABC)

A. Landscape Performance Series (LPS) B. SITES C. Landscape Performance Module of the Landscape Design Resource Services Platform D. LEED

(4) Single-choice question - Principles of Landscape Performance Evaluation Calculation

Of the following concepts, the parameters that can be used to reflect the thermal comfort of a person in the environment are (C)

B. Vegetation cover C. Physiological equivalent temperature D. Canopy closure

(5) Single-choice question - Principles of Landscape Performance Evaluation Calculation

Conducting a landscape performance study for a particular design objective should begin with: (A)

Literature review B. Field sampling C. Data acquisition D. Benefit calculations

6) Single-choice question - Principles of calculation for landscape performance evaluation

The earliest applications of landscape studies on urban parks were (a)

A. Case study method B. Simulation calculation method C. Comprehensive evaluation method D. Comparative study method

7) Multiple Choice - Principles of Landscape Performance Evaluation Calculation

Ecosystem services are an important basis for value judgments in landscape performance evaluation, and the following are ecosystem services:(ABCD)

A. supply services B. regulation services C. support services D. cultural services

8) Single-choice question - Principles of calculation for landscape performance evaluation

Which of the following disciplinary approaches are currently most commonly used when evaluating landscape performance at the regional scale: (B)

A. river geomorphology B. landscape ecology C. geography D. urban and rural planning

9) Single Choice - Principles of Landscape Performance Evaluation Calculation

Green sight ratio is a measure of plant design and growth in landscape gardens, and visitors are able to perceive better greenery when the site is at least as green as it should be: (C)

A. 5% B. 20% C. 35% D. 60%

10) Multiple Choice - Principles of Landscape Performance Evaluation Calculation

Plants are important material carriers in landscape projects, and the following are among the benefits that trees can provide in the Beijing area: (ABCD)

A. carbon storage and sequestration B. cutting noise C. providing shade and shelter D. absorbing fluoride or SO2

11) Multiple Choice - Principles of Landscape Performance Evaluation Calculation

The biodiversity within the 30-hectare park is mainly reflected in: ()

A. ecosystem diversity B. habitat diversity C. species diversity D. population diversity

12) Single-choice question - Principles of calculation for landscape performance evaluation

Of the following concepts, the parameters that can be used to reflect the thermal comfort of a person in the environment are (C)

B. Vegetation cover C. Physiological equivalent temperature D. Canopy closure

13) Multiple Choice - Landscape Performance Evaluation Calculation Methods

Which of the following factors are associated with human comfort in the park? (ABC)

A. air temperature B. relative humidity C. wind speed D. wind direction

14) Multiple Choice - Perception of Tree and Shrub Species and Landscape Allocations

Large trees have a strong ability to absorb or assimilate substances such as carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, fluoride, and suspended particles in the air, and the following statements are correct: (BD)

Broad-leaved forests have a higher average sulphur dioxide absorption capacity than coniferous forests.

Broadleaf forests have a greater average capacity to absorb fluoride than coniferous forests.

Broad-leaved forests have a greater capacity to adsorb airborne suspended particulate matter on average than coniferous forests.

The carbon sequestration capacity of the same tree species varies with its diameter at breast height.

15) Multiple Choice - Tree and Shrub Species Awareness and Landscape Allocation

The following plants have the highest average carbon sequestration per plant: (B)

A. Poplar B. Sophora C. Pachysandra D. Hypericum

16) Multiple Choice - Tree and Shrub Species Awareness and Landscape Allocation

Large trees have a strong ability to absorb or assimilate substances such as carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, fluoride, and suspended particles in the air, and the following statements are correct: (BD)

Broad-leaved forests have a higher average sulphur dioxide absorption capacity than coniferous forests.

Broadleaf forests have a greater average capacity to absorb fluoride than coniferous forests.

Broad-leaved forests have a greater capacity to adsorb airborne suspended particulate matter on average than coniferous forests.

The carbon sequestration capacity of the same tree species varies with its diameter at breast height.

17) Multiple Choice - Tree and Shrub Species Awareness and Landscape Allocation

The following plants belong to the autumnal tree (CD)

A. white elm B. stink bug C. ginkgo D. metaphor maple

18) Multiple Choice - Tree and Shrub Species Awareness and Landscape Allocations

The following plants belong to the vernal tree (ABCD)

A. mountain apricot B. Hakua Mountain peach C. Japanese evening cherry D. Japanese plum

19) Multiple Choice - Tree and Shrub Species Awareness and Landscape Allocations

The following plants are evergreen trees (ACD)

A. Spruce B. Sequoia C. Pinus sylvestris D. Chinese pine

(20) Multiple Choice - Ground Cover Flower Awareness and Landscape Allocations

The following plants are perennial flowers (ABC)

A. Chinese Dianthus B. Spirulina C. Pine coneflower D. Cornflower

21) Multiple Choice - Ground Cover Flower Awareness and Landscape Allocation

The following plants are biennial flowers (BC)

A. Willow and fish B. Gynostemma C. Great amaryllis D. Daylily

22) Multiple Choice - Ground Cover Flower Awareness and Landscape Allocations

The following groundcovers are suitable for low impact development planting conditions (ABCD)

A. Chrysanthemum B. Black-hearted Chrysanthemum C. Pine Coneflower D. Daylily

 

The practice mode results, exam mode results, and lab report results will be combined to evaluate and assess the effectiveness of student learning. See Table 7 for specific assessment requirements and scoring details.

Table 7  Virtual simulation experiment for landscape construction of low impact development green spaces (corridors and rain gardens)

Assessment requirements and scoring rules table

Assessment requirements

Assessment content

Scoring rules

Practice mode(30%)

Whether the number of exercises (attendance) is up to standard

Task score

15

15

Assessment model(50%)

Clear the experimental procedure, construction and the analysis process

Grasp the knowledge about corridor construction

Manage the knowledge about rain gardens and stormwater calculations

Manage the knowledge about landscape performance

14

12

15

9

Experimental report(20%)

Accomplish the objectives, principles, equipment, methods and procedures, results and conclusions, precautions, evaluation and recommendations of the experiment.

Fully analyze and discuss of experimental results

15

 

5

Totals(100%)

 

100